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Jerusalem - World Tourism will discuss about the JerusalemJerusalem is the capital of Israel, though not internationally recognized as such, and one of the oldest cities in the world. Jerusalem is situated on the southern spur of the plateau in the Judean Mountains, which include the Mount of Olives and Mount Scopus eastward.
The height of the Old City is about 760 meters or about 2490 feet. The whole of Jerusalem is surrounded by valleys and dry riverbeds wadi. The Kidron, Hinnom, and Tyropoeon Valleys intersect in an area just south of the Old City of Jerusalem. The Kidron Valley runs to the east of the Old City and separates the Mount of Olives from the city proper. Along the southern side of old Jerusalem is the Valley of Hinnom, a steep ravine associated in biblical eschatology with the concept of Gehenna or Hell.

The Valley Tyropoeon begins in the northwest near the Damascus Gate, ran south-southeasterly through the center of the Old City to the Pool of Siloam, and divided the bottom into two hills, the Temple Mount to the east, and the rest of the city to the west or the lower and cities above described by Josephus.

Today, this valley is hidden by debris that has accumulated over the centuries. In biblical times, Jerusalem was surrounded by forests almond, olive and pine trees. During the centuries of war and neglect, is destroyed. Farmers in the Jerusalem region thus built stone terraces along the slopes to hold back the soil, a feature still very much in evidence in the Jerusalem landscape.

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