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Showing posts with label England. Show all posts
Showing posts with label England. Show all posts


Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch (pronounced (listen)) is a large village and community on the island of Anglesey in Wales, situated on the Menai Strait next to the Britannia Bridge and across the strait from Bangor. It has the longest place name in Europe and one of the world's longest place name. Short form of the name of the village is Llanfairpwllgwyngyll, also spelled Llanfair Pwllgwyngyll. It is commonly known as Llanfair PG or Llanfairpwll.
The long form of the name of the longest officially recognized place name in Britain and one of the longest in the world, the 58 letters long (51 letters in the Welsh alphabet, where "ch", "ng" and "would" count as single letters).

The village was originally known as Llanfair Pwllgwyngyll (and sometimes still referred to as Llanfairpwllgwyngyll) and given a long name in the 19th century in an effort to develop the village as a commercial center and tourism (see the significance of the names below). Day of the village is still signposted as Llanfairpwllgwyngyll, marked on Ordnance Survey maps as Llanfair Pwllgwyngyll and known to locals as Llanfairpwll or simply Llanfair.

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Edinburgh is the capital and second largest city in Scotland. The city has a population of about 450,000 souls (2002). The city is located on the east coast lowlands of central Scotland. This city has become the capital of Scotland since 1437 and is home to the Scottish Executive.

Edinburgh is known as the annual Edinburgh Festival, the largest arts festival in the world pertujukan, and also the Hogmanay street party. At this festival the city's population doubled. The city is one of the world tourist destination, attracting 13 million visitors each year.

Background of Edinburgh is inseparable from its history, starting from the Edinburgh Castle was first built on a volcano by Michael Canmore (1057-93). Today the palace is one of the historic building that is always packed with tourists every year, not only because the building is beautiful but its location at the top of the mountain which gave a very impressive sight.

Across the park at the foot hill of solid rock and on it fester elegant Edinburgh castle was sensation in the morning. Parents, youth, and children sitting on a park bench decorated with thousands of colorful flowering plants. Being in Edinburgh, such as into a vortex of time aristocratic past greatness. Edinburgh Castle, Holyrood palace of the king, royal museums, Calton Hill is a long history of the iconic old town's nobility.

Traversing the streets of the ancient city with unique architecture of this building, like a cross to the passage of time in the 1700s, even behind him. Edinburgh does have a lot of things to see. The greatness of his past is just one dimension of Edinburgh tourist attraction. Meanwhile, the beauty of the city landscape with a variety of old buildings built more than four centuries and then complete the other side of the central city renown Scottish government and business.

Other destinations can be visited is the Calton Hill, a small hill at the east end of the road. At the top of Calton Hill. Among the dozens of poles built the Parthenon replica of the 19th century, can be seen scenery so beautiful. The city is like a post-card of life stored in memory directly. On the left side, the hills of Arthur's Seat while not breaking escort. In front, the building Edinburgh castle stands proudly behind the Balmoral Hotel clock tower, Nelson monuments, and buildings observations. On the sidelines of the ancient buildings, it is difficult to find buildings of modern architecture.

Edinburgh Castle, of course not be forgotten. Buildings in Medieval times previously to function as military barracks, now a British armed forces headquarters for the Scottish division. Jewel encrusted crown used at the coronation of Scottish kings of the past, now a tourist displays many weird look. From this place, cannon fire directed at Princess Street became a daily ritual that many tourists awaited.

King's Palace of Holyroodhouse on the east side of town so grand. Beautiful whitewashed building was founded as a place to live James IV royal family. This elegant palace was once a lovely place to live Queen of Scots, Mary, Queen Victoria and Prince Charlie. Inside the palace is now opened for tourism activities have a gallery filled with portraits of Charles II and grandparents ancestors. As a souvenir, take time at the souvenir booth at the front corner of the palace.

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Carlisle Castle

Carlisle Castle is situated in Carlisle, in the English county of Cumbria, near the ruins of Hadrian's Wall. The castle is over 900 years old and has been the scene of many historical episodes in British history. Given the proximity of Carlisle to the border between England and Scotland, it has been the centre of many wars and invasions. Today the castle is managed by English Heritage and is open to the public. The castle until recently was the administrative headquarters of the former King's Own Royal Border Regiment now county headquarters to the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment and a museum to the regiment is within the castle walls.

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Skipton Castle

Skipton Castle is situated within the town of Skipton, North Yorkshire, England. The castle has been preserved for over 900 years, built in 1090 by Robert de Romille, a Norman baron.

The castle has stood in Skipton for over 900 years. It was first built as a motte and bailey castle in 1090 by Robert de Romille, a Norman baron. The wooden castle was replaced with a stone keep as it was not strong enough to withstand attacks from the Scots to the north.

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Stokesay Castle

Stokesay Castle is a fortified manor house in Stokesay, a mile south of the town of Craven Arms, in southern Shropshire. It was built in the late 13th century. Currently in the guardianship of English Heritage, Stokesay Castle is a Grade I listed building.


From the Norman Conquest until 1241, the area was held by the Lacy family, a powerful dynasty with lands in the Welsh Marches. On the death of the last male heir, Walter de Lacy, it was left to the husbands of his two granddaughters to divide the family estates. The manor of Stokesay went to John de Verdon. He went on crusade, leaving his property in the hands of a tenant. This tenant sold the manor in 1281 to Laurence of Ludlow. The main construction of Stokesay Castle was undertaken by Laurence of Ludlow, based in Shrewsbury, the richest local wool merchant of his generation.

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St Michael's Mount

St Michael's Mount is a tidal island located 366 m (400 yd) off the Mount's Bay coast of Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is a civil parish and is united with the town of Marazion by a man-made causeway of granite setts, passable between mid-tide and low water.

The island exhibits a combination of slate and granite. Its Cornish language name-—literally, "the grey rock in the wood"-—may represent a folk memory of a time before Mount's Bay was flooded. Certainly, the Cornish name would be an accurate description of the Mount set in woodland. Remains of trees have been seen at low tides following storms on the beach at Perranuthnoe, but radiocarbon dating established the submerging of the hazel wood at about 1700 BC. The chronicler John of Worcester relates under the year 1099 that St. Michael's Mount was located five or six miles (10 km) from the sea, enclosed in a thick wood, but that on the third day of the nones of November the sea overflowed the land, destroying many towns and drowning many people as well as innumerable oxen and sheep; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records under the date 11 November 1099, "The sea-flood sprung up to such a height, and did so much harm, as no man remembered that it ever did before". The Cornish legend of Lyonesse, an ancient kingdom said to have extended from Penwith toward the Isles of Scilly, also talks of land being inundated by the sea.

Historically, St Michael's Mount was a Cornish counterpart of Mont Saint-Michel in Normandy, France, when it was given to the Benedictines, religious order of Mont Saint-Michel, by Edward the Confessor in the 11th century.

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Bodiam Castle

Bodiam Castle is a 14th-century moated castle near Robertsbridge in East Sussex, England. It was built in 1385 by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge, a former knight of Edward III, with the permission of Richard II, ostensibly to defend the area against French invasion during the Hundred Years' War. Of quadrangular plan, Bodiam Castle has no keep, having its various chambers built around the outer defensive walls and inner courts. Its corners and entrance are marked by towers, and topped by crenellations. Its structure, details and situation in an artificial watery landscape indicate that display was an important aspect of the castle's design as well as defence. It was the home of the Dalyngrigge family and the centre of the manor of Bodiam.

Possession of Bodiam Castle passed through several generations of Dalyngrigges, until their line became extinct, when the castle passed by marriage to the Lewknor family. During the Wars of the Roses, Sir Thomas Lewknor supported the House of Lancaster, and when Richard III of the House of York became king in 1483, a force was despatched to besiege Bodiam Castle. It is unrecorded whether the siege went ahead, but it is thought that Bodiam was surrendered without much resistance. The castle was confiscated, but it was returned to the Lewknors when Henry VII of the House of Lancaster became king in 1485. Descendants of the Lewknors owned the castle until at least the 16th century.

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Tower of London

Tower of London is one of the famous and beautiful buildings in England, and became a historic monument in central London, England, on the northern bank of the River Thames. It is located in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets and separated from the east end of London by open space known as Tower Hill.

The main function of the tower is, the royal palace fortress, and prison (particularly for high status and royal prisoners, such as the Princes in the Tower at the time of Queen Elizabeth I). It uses the past has led to the phrase "sent to the Tower" (meaning "imprisoned"). It also serves as a place of execution and torture, armory, a treasury, a zoo, the Royal Mint, the public records office, observatory, and since 1303, the home of the British Crown Jewels.

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Warwick Castle

Warwick Castle is one of the palaces are very beautiful and famous in the UK, and is a castle in medieval town of Warwick, Inggris.Terletak on a bluff overlooking a bend in the River Avon. Warwick Castle was built by William in 1068 adjacent to the Anglo-Saxon burh of Warwick. There is used as a fortress until the beginning of the 17th century, when Sir Fulke Greville converted into a country house of government. It is owned by the Greville family, who became Earl of Warwick in 1759, until 1978.

In the 17th century on the grounds of cultural preservation, turned into a park. Warwick Castle bought by the Tussauds Group in 1978 and opened as a tourist attraction. It is protected as a Scheduled Ancient Monument and Grade I listed building.

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Tower Bridge

Tower Bridge is a bridge that stretches over the River Thames in London, United Kingdom. This bridge design mengabungkan two bridges that lift and hang. The bridge was completed in 1894, and is one of the icons of London.

Tower Bridge is 800 feet long has a space 28 feet when closed but opens in the center until it reaches 140 feet that allow ships sailing on the Thames. On days when more goods are often moved by sea rather than air, the bridge is raised about 50 times each day.
Tower Bridge using the 432 workers who built it for 8 years. At that time they sank 70,000 tons of concrete into two big piers, placing second supporting structure into place, each weighing 1,000 tons and decorate the entire bridge with Portland stone and Cornish granite to cover the 11,000 tonnes of iron underneath.

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Rolling Bridge: Bridge Scrolling

Rolling Bridge is a bridge that can roll itself without human assistance. Rolling Bridge designed by Heatherwick Studio. The award-winning Rolling Bridge is located in Paddington Basin, London. Instead of using conventional open the bridge mechanism, consisting of a single rigid element that rises to let boats pass, the Rolling Bridge to roll themselves up to the two ends meet. When in a horizontal position, the bridge is a bridge of iron and wood pedestrian normal; fully open, the bridge is in a circle on one side that is different from the straight position. Twelve feet in length, the bridge is made by eight pieces of iron and wood, and made ​​curved by hydraulic power mounted on the handrail of each section.

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Stonehenge is a building that was built in the time of the Bronze and Neolithic. He is located adjacent to Amesbury in Wiltshire, England, about 13 kilometers (8 stone) northwest of Salisbury. Stonehenge includes land surrounding the pond building a large stone standing upright in the sphere, known as megaliths. There is controversy regarding the actual age of the stone circle, but most archaeologists estimate that most of the building of Stonehenge made ​​between 2500 BC to 2000 BC. Roundabout pond soil and trench forming phase of the Stonehenge monument Development earlier from the time around 3100 BC.

At the beginning of the 20th century, most of the stones were no longer standing. This is probably due to the many tourists who climb the Stonehenge at about the 19th century because of their great curiosity. Since then, there have been three stages of renovation to restore the stone tilted or upside down, and to restore the stones into place carefully. Indirectly, this means no longer form the original Stonehenge as originally stated in the promotion of tourism. Conversely, as the other historical relics, the stages of renovation has been done.
Stonehenge is the name given to the memorial, known as a henge consisting of confinement or a circle with a trench in the embankment. As often happens in archaeological terms this is a term legacy of the rulers of ancient Stonehenge and should not be classified as a henge in fact, caused his pond is at the side of the trench. Although the same age as the time henges Neolithikum resembling Stonehenge, Stonehenge may have a relationship with another stone circle located in the British Isle as Ring of Brodgar but trilitonnya size makes it unique as an example.

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